The list of species with the highest number of threats to human health is getting longer, and there’s still plenty of room for improvement.
But with more and more species facing extinction, this week, National Geographic published a new report detailing which species are the most vulnerable.
And the report found the top five species in danger of extinction are all species of birds, and some of the species that have become more common over time.
The report is part of the organization’s new conservation plan, which was launched in 2018 to create the first comprehensive conservation strategy for all life on Earth.
In the report, National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency senior scientist James L. Mears called for the conservation of species “that are at high risk of extinction, or whose populations are rapidly declining or declining in a manner that is likely to have catastrophic effects on their ability to survive.”
Among the top 10 species at risk are: The endangered species of California condor, California condors, California golden jackrabbit, California ground squirrel, California wild rice, California yaks, and California golden-crowned sparrow.
And just in case you’re wondering, these are not the only species of wildlife that are on the list.
The endangered Species Survival Commission has also listed a handful of species that are considered endangered and in need of special protection, including: Eastern spotted owl, Eastern spotted owls, Eastern golden eagle, Eastern yellow-faced eagle, and Northern spotted owl.
There are also more than 80 species of bats and reptiles listed as threatened by extinction, including the critically endangered black-capped treefrog, Florida panther, California panther snake, and the endangered Pacific white-fronted frog.
The list also includes the endangered species listed under the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES), including the threatened western black-tailed eagle, northern spotted owl and the threatened Mexican gray-backed turtle.
The species at the top of the list aren’t necessarily the species in question, though.
The birds and reptiles, for example, are considered threatened because they’re listed as endangered because they face threats to their populations.
The California condoring was a bird of prey until a 1973 import ban that limited its range to just about two dozen birds in a single county in Southern California.
Today, there are roughly 100,000 condors in the state, according to the California Condor Council, which is responsible for managing condors and providing education and conservation programs for the species.
But the council says that’s changing, thanks to the reintroduction of condors into areas once considered off limits to the birds.
Some of the other endangered species are listed as vulnerable because of habitat loss, pollution, overhunting, poaching, or human encroachment.
They include the endangered Asian albatross, the endangered California golden jay, and a threatened species of the northern goshawk.
And there are many species of invertebrates and animals with no clear way of knowing whether they’re endangered or not.
The most vulnerable are amphibians, reptiles, invertebrate plants, inverter plants, and invertebrary fungi.
There’s also a large number of marine mammals, including seals, dolphins, porpoises, and whales.
So far, there is no official status for any of the threatened species listed in the report.
But it’s important to remember that the list of threatened species doesn’t mean they’re not vulnerable, and that conservation efforts will continue to make progress in these areas.
“In general, species listed as critically endangered are under greatest threat, while species listed for the highest priority are most vulnerable,” the report says.
“Conservation efforts must include consideration of threats from a variety of sources, including human activities, the environment, and natural and human-caused factors.”
To learn more about the report and other endangered animal and plant species, visit www.nationalgeospatialintelligence.org/conservation.
And check out our special wildlife section for more information about wildlife conservation in the United States.
And for a look at what the experts say about the importance of conserving wildlife, check out National Geographic’s Wildlife section.
For more stories about wildlife and climate change, check Out the Top 10 Threats to Our Future article and read the National Geographic Climate Change series.